Themes and lines - Roman Law
The lines of scientific research developed by the Section's professors concerns the main fields in which the discipline of Roman Law and the Rights of Antiquity is articulated. The research on the Lex Voconia and the legitimate succession is oriented towards the classical roman private law, the brocardo societas delinquere non potest and the problem of the "legal personality" of the collective bodies, the breach of contractual obligations the economy and commercial institutions in the Roman world. On the procedural side, the theme of procedural consumption is studied, with specific regard to the formular process with plurality of parties.
The Section develop research lines about the municipalization of Italy following the Lex Iulia de Civitate of 90 BC and the Roman constitutional order in the Political Philosophy of Antonio Rosmini, the criminal law, the subject of corruption and the norms aimed at repressing it.
As regards the public and private law of the late-ancient roman period, the section develops studies about the value of judicial precedents, legislation on the management of public waters, the evolution of the ius liberorum starting from the Constantinian age, the relations between the emperor Theodosius and the bishop Ambrose, the religious legislation of the emperor Gratian, the sources of Roman law (literary and juridical), the Romanistic tradition and the history of juridical historiography on topics as the "Cesarian" orations of Cicero, the economic visions of Roman jurists, the history of Romanesque storigraphy between the two world wars, Philipp Lotmar's legalist contribution and his role at the twilight of the Pandettistica School.
About the Greek law, the Section in studing the regulation of abortion and the law of Solon in testamentary matters. For the juridical epigraphy, are studied in particular the inscriptions of the Oscan area concerning the period before 90 BC, the incolae in the municipalities and in the Roman colonies between the republican and imperial ages.
The scholars of the Section regularly participate in national and international conferences for the dissemination of research results. The Section is home to a curriculum of the PhD Program, and promotes lectures, meetings and seminars with authoritative scholars in the field in Italy and abroad.